There are different reasons for tooth extraction but the procedure is mainly carried out to relieve dental aches permanently. The pain can be caused by severe decay or extensive physical breakage. Dentists usually favor this procedure as it is inexpensive and quick compared to other treatment options. Your dentist may also recommend tooth extraction if you are suffering from advanced periodontal disease, crowded teeth or abscess due to cysts.
There are different types of tooth extractions and the recommended procedure will depend on your dental status. Here is a short description of each to help you understand the potential course of action.
Simple tooth extraction is also referred to as the closed extraction. The tooth removal is carried out by the dentists using pliers-like medical forceps. The tooth will be grasped by the crown above the gum line and then loosened from the bone by moving it gently from side to side. This will enlarge tooth socket within the jawbone and break the attached ligament for successful extraction.
It is a quick and painless procedure since it is performed under local anaesthesia. This process is viable if your affected tooth has straight roots as well as a solid structure to allow manipulation with the forceps.
Surgical tooth extraction is also known as complex or open extraction. The procedure will require surgical access to successfully remove the affected tooth. This extraction is necessary in cases where the tooth is visible but the crown is too close to the gum line to allow the forceps to grasp it.
In addition, it can be used if the tooth structure breaks and leaves the root within the bone. Basically, a sharp surgical instrument is inserted in between the tooth root and the bone socket. This luxation process loosens the tooth and allows the roots to be pried out. In multi-rooted teeth, the roots must be separated and removed separately. If the luxation technique is ineffective, some of the gum and bone tissues will be cut into to facilitate access.
Impacted Teeth Removal
An impacted tooth does not fully erupt in the mouth; it remains beneath the gum. These teeth can cause serious health problems so extraction is necessary to prevent unforeseen difficulties. Generally, an incision is made to will be made in the gum to expose the crown so as to allow simple extraction. Unfortunately, the tooth may be submerged under the jawbone. In this case, the bone will be drilled for access and then, the tooth will be broken and removed in discrete sections.
Learn more about these options by contacting clinics like Brisbane Mall Dental Centre.